Methods of Communication

Since the beginning of time communication has been an essential aspect of life. The methods of communicating have changed a great deal, especially since the early 1900s . Mankind has gone from having to talk face to face with someone, to being able to send a text message across the country . Civilization has evolved into a fast paced, move it or lose it world so, naturally, a client could not wait a month to receive a letter from his lawyer, he has to have instant access. Since the early 1900s this world has seen many new forms of communication, and within each individual form, modernization has occurred. New techniques and technologies are
being applied to old methods. Just sending a letter to a friend has become quicker and easier since the beginning of the century. Of course, telephones have changed a great deal, and are still evolving. Computers made the world think that we could not go further, but even the computers have advanced to higher levels. There are also several other methods for communicating that are further evidence that our culture is progressing.

Mailing a letter may seem like a very primitive, simple form of communication, but, in reality, it is a very complex system that took over sixty years to evolve to the point where it is now. In 1900, the mail was being carried on the railroads across the country. Before that, the pony express delivered the mail to people. In 1913 , mailmen could pick up mail when they delivered it to a house, and in the same year, parcel post was allowed. This allowed people to send packages to people, and they did not have to lug a heavy boexternal image pony-express-badge.jpgx to the post office because the mailman picked it up for them. A year later, the government started a vehicle service so that the mail could get around towns, cities, and villages a lot faster. In 1918 , mail got even faster than that when the mail started to get delivered regularly by plane. At first airmail was only an experimental technique used for shorter distances, but by 1924 , planes were zipping across the continent on a regular basis. This made communicating a lot faster and easier so many more people started using it more frequently. The change in the nature of the mail, the tremendous increase in mail volume, and the revolution in transportation made it vital for the government to create a more organized system, thus, in 1963 , the ZIP-code was born. The five digits that make up a ZIP-code are used to pinpoint the location of a house. The first two digits specify a general region, and then the next two identify a more specific section, and then the last two indicate the actual town a person lives in. Mail has definitely seen a drop-off since its glory days due to the many other rising forms of interaction, and it is not showing signs of reemerging. However, mail set an example for all other modes of communication to adapt to the culture around them so that a new device does not have to be invented every year.

Mailing letters was only the first of many different modes of communicating across long distances. In the 1870s , Aexternal image early-cell-phone.jpglexander Graham Bell invented his infamous telephone. This device was revolutionary at the time, and throughout the 1900s, the telephone was constantly changed and adapted to suit the modern world. In the late 1880s , Almon Strowger patented the automatic telephone exchange . Before this was invented, telephones were sold in pairs to subscribers, and only two lines could be connected. This new system allowed one line to connect to hundreds of different lines. At the very end of the l800s , answering machines were invented so that people could leave each other messages if the person they were calling did not happen to be around when they called. By 1external image blackberry88001.jpg914 , calls were being made to people across the country. At this point, progress was very minimal. Then the car phones came and people could talk to their friends and family without having to be in their house! Once the car phone came, it was only a matter of time before the idea of cell phones was thought of. Inventors first considered the idea in 1947 , but they lacked the proper technology. Cell phones first started getting made in the mid-1970s, but their range was not good at all. In 1983 , however, the first cellular network was set up in the United States and people could call whomever they wanted from wherever they wanted. The groundbreaking cellular devices that became popular in the 80s are pitiful compared to the high-tech gadgets that we have today. Phones today are a lot smaller and they can call people, take pictures, send pictures, play games, surf the Internet , email , send text messages , and play music. The phones today can do things that even computers cannot do.

Computers are another interesting piece of technology that has developed a lot since the mid-1900s. The computer did not start as a method of communication, but as the years went on it evolved into a gigantic network connecting millions of people across the world. The first computers were used as code-breaking machines at the end of WWII . They were strictly for government use only because the public had no use for such machines. In 1951 , that all changed because computers started to be sold commercially for the first time. It was not until 1969 that ARPANET , often referred to as the first Internet, came out. ARPANET was designed to protect the flow of information between a network of computers. This network was limited to military installations throughout the world, and was not open to the public. Communication and the transfer of information via computer got a lot easier in 1971 with the invention of the floppy disk . The floppy disk allowed users to take documents that they received or made themselves, with their computers, and transport that information uexternal image univac_550x438.jpgsing a programmable disk. For the next ten years, computers underwent minor improvements like smaller technology, more memory space, etc. The first laptop was sold to the public in 1981 . This ingenious invention meant that people could go wherever they wanted and still be able to do work on their computers. The laptop also made it so that people used their computers more so computers had to be made to do a lot more. Different kinds of computers were released that looked cooler, had fewer glitches, and were a lot faster. In 1994external image sony-vaio-vgn-ar590e.jpg , the world changed forever when the government released control of the Internet, and WWW was born making communication at light speed. From there, the progress just kept gaining momentum, and now we have ways to communicate with each other instantly through email, AIM , video conferencing , and chat rooms . Anybody can also post information on the Internet in various ways such as facebook , myspace , youtube , blogs , and hundreds of other venues. People are able to keep in touch with their friends across the globe through the Internet. The computer, which started out as a very private, practical machine, has grown into a mega-machine that can do just about anything you want.

The 1900s witnessed a massive amount of progress in the communication department. People started this century barely being ale to get a radio signal across the Atlantic Ocean . Now we can get information to just about anybody in the world who owns a computer or cell phone, or lives near someone with a computer or cell phone. The world changed from a bunch of different peoples focused on their own survival into a world where countries are allied and do business with each other. A world where leaders come together to solve problems, but not everything could be done through carrier pigeons or face-to-face. This meant that technology had to grow, and expand into areas that seemed impossible at the time. By the end of the 1900s, people could send information through letters, cell phones, email, Internet, or fax machines . Theses channels of communication were not created because someone thought it would be fun to call their friends while standing outside their house. The technology changed because it was a necessity to the quickly growing world. As cars were invented and houses were built further from the cities, bosses and employees needed to be able to keep in touch with each other as well as stay connected with their families. Methods of communication have expanded because they needed to keep up with the growing demands of civilization.

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